Armenia’s ancient history
Armenia is among the world’s ancient countries, first being mentioned in King Dari I’s Behistun manuscript in 520 BC. Armenia was also the first country to adopt Christianity as state religion. Gregory the Illuminator (Lusavorich), who baptized Armenia in 301, became the first Catholicos of All Armenians. Armenia became the first Christian state.
Armenias capital, Yerevan, is one of the oldest cities in the world and was founded in 782 BC by King Argishti I, which makes it 29 years older than Rome.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Number of Armenian Sites and Objects have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
There are 9 cultural sites on the territory of Armenia which are under the protection of UNESCO: the Monastery of Haghpat (X-XIII century), the Monastery of Sanahin (X century), Echmiadzin Cathedral (IV century), Saint Hripsime Church (VII century), St. Gayane Church (VII century), the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots (VII century), Geghard Monastery (IV-XIII centuries), Saint Shoghakat Church (XVII century), the Upper Valley of the river Azat.
In 2014 Armenian lavash was added to the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. The List of Intangible Heritage Site also includes: playing duduk (2005), the skill of creating Armenian khachkars – stone crosses (2010) and medieval Armenian epic “David of Sasun” (2012).
World’s longest passenger ropeway
Ropeway “Wings of Tatev”, located next to the monastery of Tatev (built in the 9th-13th centuries), is the world’s longest passenger ropeway. With a length of 5752 meters, “Wings of Tatev” is the only engineering facility of this magnitude in the world to be built in just 10 months. Air path to the monastery takes 11 minutes, the maximum height is 320 meters, the maximum number of passengers is 25, the capacity of the ropeway is 200 passengers per hour.
The most ancient cuisine in the South Caucasus
Armenians use lots of spices, herbs, and wild flowers which give the dishes their authentic delicious taste. Spas, creamy soup, made from fermented Armenian yogurt (matsun), Armenian kyufta (meatballs) or Dolma (grape leaves stuffed with minced meat) are all well-worth a try.
White Armenian cheese and basturma (dried meat with spices), which you can wrap in lavash, Armenian national flat bread, serve as perfect snacks. For the sweet-toothed, the best choice is the Armenian gata, a widely popular dessert.
The apricot is Armenia’s national fruit. Apricot seeds have been found in the earliest archeological sites. Some early botanical names for apricots are Prunus armeniaca and Mala armeniaca.
The pomegranate is the Armenian symbol of life. Tradition tells us that a mature pomegranate has 365 seeds, one for each day of the year. The pomegranate appears in artwork, carpets, and design patterns